“Venice seduces, Venice irritates, but Venice rarely disappoints, the golden fairy-tale city floating on the sea”. Venice is one of the most famous and loved city in the world. This thanks its wonderful monuments, art and history. But mostly thanks its reflecting in the canals and rii, with its churches, palaces scattered all over the small islands in the lagoon.
The venetian lagoon was inhabited from the V sec. d.C., where the mainland population took refuge during the barbarian invasions. There the population kept increasing and livening up the famous Serenissima Republic of Venice. In this period,X-XI sec., Venice lived the most splendid moment, thanks its perfect position became the most important trading center and had the monopoly of all the commercial traffics. At this moment the building activities took on a further impetus: the most beautiful churches, the most luxury palaces and monuments were erected; many sculptors, painters and architects gave their contribution and made the wonders that we can admire now.
The discover of the ocean routes to the Indies, from the XV sec., started the decline of the Republic as a supreme power. The city ramined indipendent until 1797, in this year it joined to the Regno Longobardo-Veneto and then was given to the Austrians. In 1866 Venice was finally reunited with Italy.